Scania's environmental impact. 2019-03-13
Scania makes the world's best trucks, but Scania's procured transport poses an environmental problem.
The cause is that the then CEO Leif Östling, after a study visit to a Toyota factory in the USA, at Scania introduced TPS with Just-in-time so extreme that Scania does not accept a buffer storage in the form of truck components in waiting railway goods wagons.
The alleged benefits of Just-in-Time is that you reduce capital tied up in stock.
Scania believes in fundamental Just-in-time even after Leif Östling left Scania.
A few years ago, the automatic storage in the Chassis Assembling Plant in Södertälje was dismantled to rely entirely on truck transport arriving in time.
If these transports do not come on time, the haulier is hit by delay fines, which means that drivers can be forced to break the speed and working time regulations.
Scania's transports now contribute to the truck columns that clogs Europe's main roads.
The UN environmental goals is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from traffic by 70 per cent by 2030.
Truck traffic accounts for seven per cent of Sweden's greenhouse gas emissions according to Sweden's official statistics.
Heavy truck traffic is behind road traffic's increased greenhouse gas emissions in 2018, the Swedish Transport Administration's annual report 2018 shows.
Passenger car traffic was largely unchanged, but truck traffic increased by almost three per cent, which meant that the total emissions of greenhouse gases from road traffic increased by 76000 tonnes.
This corresponds to an increase of 0.5 per cent from the previous year.
The transport sector is one of the areas in Sweden where we have the greatest opportunities to reduce emissions by changing long-distance freight from truck to rail.
Every day goods are delivered to the Scania Chassis Assembling Plant on hundreds of heavy trucks, which does not meet the Nature Conservation Society's criteria for Good Environmental Choice, which rail transport would do.
Deliveries by rail no longer enter the Scania Chassis Assembling Plant area, but that it has happened in the past is evident from the rail track system which can be seen under the asphalt there.
Until around 2010, railway goods wagons regularly came to Volkswagen's spare parts storage in building 270, but after Volkswagen had to move out, only single gas transports arrived on the railway.
After a derailment in the railway crossing with Verkstadsvägen, this traffic ceased and the rail connection was broken in 2016 at Verkstadsvägen (see Pictures).
Due to long queues of trucks on Europe's major motorways, Scania is forced to plan to transport truck cabs intermodally on rail from the Oskarshamns truck cab factoriy to other factories in Europe.
The truck cabs are to be transported by truck from the factory to a combi terminal which is planned in Kvastmossen outside Oskarshamn where they are to be moved to railway goods wagons.
There will be no truck cabs transported on railway to the Chassis Assembling Plant in Södertälje.
In 2016, much was reported about Scania Ferruform planning to hook up three railway goods wagons on the Stålpendel system train to transport rear axle bridges, cross and side beams, bumpers and air suspension beams from Luleå to Borlänge where transhipment to truck would take place for further transport to Södertälje.
After 2016, Scania Ferruform has disappeared from the reporting of the Steel Shuttle.